Throughout these years he endeavored to protect his privacy and tried to present himself as a model for his fellow citizens. For example, he would often avoid banquets, trying to be frugal. The Ecclesia the Athenian Assembly adopted Ephialtes' proposal without strong opposition. According to Aristotle, Pericles' stance can be explained by the fact that his principal political opponent, Cimonwas rich and generous, and was able to secure public favor by lavishly bestowing his sizable personal fortune.
In he led a successful military campaign in Corinth and sponsored the establishment of Athenian colonies in Thrace and on the Black Sea coast.
After the second Persian invasion of Greece inAthens and its allies throughout the Aegean formed the Delian League, a military alliance focused on the Persian threat.
Three years later, a coinage decree imposed Athenian weights and measures throughout the league. By the time Pericles was elected strategos, the league was well on its way to becoming an Athenian empire.
He worked to democratize the fine arts by subsidizing theater admission for poorer citizens and enabled civic participation by offering pay for jury duty and other civil service.
Pericles maintained close friendships with the leading intellects of his time. The playwright Sophocles and the sculptor Phidias were among his friends. Pericles himself was a master orator. His speeches and elegies as recorded and possibly interpreted by Thucydides celebrate the greatness of a democratic Athens at its peak.
The Peloponnesian War and the Death of Pericles As Athens grew in power under Pericles, Sparta felt more and more threatened and began to demand concessions from the Athenians. Pericles refused, and in B. A few months later, Pericles himself succumbed.
His death was, according to Thucydides, disastrous for Athens.Download Citation on ResearchGate | On Oct 26, , Robert I.
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Introduction: Athenian History and Society in the Age of Pericles initiativeblog.comII S Sources O ur literary sources for the study of mid-ﬁfth-century Athens consist of contemporary Greek historians (especially.
1 Introduction: The History, Policies, and Structures That Shape Health Care Regulation 2 Regulation of Physicians and Other Health Care Professionals 3 Regulation of . Pericles: Pericles, Athenian statesman largely responsible for the full development, in the later 5th century bce, of both the Athenian democracy and the Athenian empire, making Athens the political and cultural focus of Greece.
His achievements included the construction of the Acropolis, begun in An introduction to Pericles by William Shakespeare. Learn about the book and the historical context in which it was written.