Theoretical approaches in residential child care: Sunday, 31 August These brief notes accompanied the first session of an induction course for residential child care workers in which different therapeutic approaches that have been used in the group living are considered. The others which will be published on the site in the near future include social learning theory and practice, humanist theory and therapy, behaviourist theory and practice as well as cognitive behaviourial therapy. The psychodynamic approach is already well represented on the site.
Whilst our significant one to one relationships are crucial to our emotional wellbeing, it is an understanding of who we are with groups, family work or social, that is at least as important to good emotional health.
The purpose of this article is to go through a few of the key theories around groups, how groups develop, group conflict, some personal thoughts and experiences, and signpost to additional resources.
When people join together in any kind of group setting, it becomes a living and growing entity. Some people act quite differently in a group setting to the way they act with peopleand can either thrive or struggle with the different dynamics and form that group relationships take to When people work together in a group, all sorts of things happen: There are a number of aspects of the group process or group dynamic including: The work group is primarily concerned with tasks and focus of the group, and usually in groups that work well, there is a clear focus and purpose.
The theory is based on the belief that when people get together in a group, there are three main interpersonal needs they are looking to obtain — inclusion in the group, affection and openness, and control. Schutz developed a measuring instrument later from the basic theory called FIRO-B, which is still used extensively in teams and work groups.
This can include competing for airtime, advancing ideas with the group, or asking the group for help. The approach people take will depend on their need for a level of control, or deference to others. Systems Theory Systems theory finds commonalities between individual beings and groups of beings.
The theory sees groups as living systems that connect, work together, and evolve over time.
Relationships are constantly interacting and changing both within and between themselves. Interpersonal systems are holistic: Most people have strong bonds with formal and informal groups such as couples, families, circles of friends, work groups, community groups etc. This can lead from a period of stability, to stress, to a period of dissonance, and then finally to change.
This change cycle helps groups constantly change to things happening within and outside the group Systems theory also sees groups through lifespan changes including; birth and infancy, early development, adolescence, maturity, ageing and disintegration, when the group is no longer viable Pattern dependency; groups over time tend to develop a self-organising nature which works to maintain stability and minimise threats.
They create patterns to meet needs, cope with stress and conflict, and to deal with the demands from outside. The early spontaneity of relationships is replaced by a reliance on patterns, and an unwillingness to change.
Group Development and phases The goal of most research on group development is to learn why and how small groups change over time.
To do this, researchers examine patterns of change and continuity in groups over time. Aspects of a group that might be studied include the quality of the output produced by a group, the type and frequency of its activities, its cohesiveness, the existence of conflict, amongst others.
Perhaps the best known of these models is Tuckers 4 stage model for teams, designed in Disagreements build and cliques appear Norming Rules of conduct develop and members discuss their differences rather than argue Performing As the team reaches maturity, members are open and supportive of each other.Understand current theoretical frameworks for group living for children and young people.
Summarise theoretical approaches to group living for children and young people in residential childcare. Summarise theories about how the physical environment can support well-being in a group .
Childhood obesity is a serious problem in the United States putting children and adolescents at risk for poor health. Obesity prevalence among children and adolescents is still too high. For children and adolescents aged years 1: The prevalence of obesity was % and affected about The Armenian Genocide (Armenian: Հայոց ցեղասպանություն, Hayots tseghaspanutyun), also known as the Armenian Holocaust, was the Ottoman government's systematic extermination of million Armenians, mostly citizens within the Ottoman Empire.
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Guidance on information sharing for people who provide safeguarding services to children, young people, parents and carers.
CU Lead and Manage Group Living for Children Level 5 Credit value 6 GLH 43 Unit summary The purpose of this unit is to assess the learner’s knowledge, understanding and skills required to lead and manage the group living for children and young people.
group living provision for children and young people Describe how the frameworks are used to improve the life chances and outcomes of children and young people in group living provision.