Indian constitution

Preamble to the Constitution Act, The Act begins with a preamble that declares that the three provinces New BrunswickNova Scotia and the Province of Canada which would become Ontario and Quebec have requested to form "one Dominion As Peter Hogg wrote in Constitutional Law of Canada, some have argued that since the United Kingdom had some freedom of expression inthe preamble extended this right to Canada even before the enactment of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms in ; this was a supposed basis for the Implied Bill of Rights.

Indian constitution

BeforeIndia was divided into two main entities — The British India which consisted of 11 provinces and the Princely states ruled by Indian princes under subsidiary alliance policy.

The two entities merged together to form the Indian Union, but many of the legacy systems in British India is followed even now. The historical underpinnings and evolution of the India Constitution can be traced to many regulations and acts passed before Indian Independence.

Indian System of Administration Indian democracy is a Parliamentary form of democracy where the executive is responsible to the Parliament.

The Parliament has two houses — Loksabha and Rajyasabha. Also, the type of governance is Federal, ie there is separate executive and legislature at Center and States. We also have self-governance at local government levels. All these systems owe their legacy to the British administration.

Let us see the historical background of Indian Constitution and its development through years. Warren Hastings became the first Governor-General of Bengal. There was no separate legislative council. It prohibited servants of the company from engaging in any private trade or accepting bribes from the natives.

Indian constitution

Court of Directors the governing body of the company should report its revenue. Court of Directors for Commercial functions and Board of Control for political affairs. Beginning of a Central legislature for India as the act also took away legislative powers of Bombay and Madras provinces. Four out of six members were appointed by the provisional governments of Madras, Bombay, Bengal and Agra.

Lord Canning was the first Viceroy of India. Abolished Board of Control and Court of Directors. Legislative councils were established in Center and provinces. Enlarged the size of the legislative councils.

Direct elections to legislative councils; first attempt at introducing a representative and popular element. The member of Central Legislative Council was increased to 60 from Indians for the first time in Viceroys executive council. Under dyarchy system, the provincial subjects were divided into two parts — transferred and reserved.

On reserved subjects, Governor was not responsible to the Legislative council. Legislative Assembly with members and Legislative council with 60 members. Provided for the establishment of Public Service Commission.

Provided for the establishment of Federal Court. Abolished the Council of India. Lord Warren Hastings created the office of District Collector inbut judicial powers were separated from District collector later by Cornwallis.

Denying Nehru his due | Opinion News, The Indian Express

From the powerful authorities of unchecked executives, the Indian administration developed into a responsible government answerable to the legislature and people.

The development of portfolio system and budget points to the separation of power. Railway Budget was separated from the General Budget. From tothe British tried for the centralization of power. It was from the Councils act they shifted towards devolution of power with provinces.Indian guide on culture, facts, lifestyle, cars, bikes, art & entertainment.

WE, THE PEOPLE OF INDIA, having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a _1[SOVEREIGN SOCIALIST SECULAR DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC] and to secure to all its citizens.

JUSTICE, social, economic and political; LIBERTY of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship;. The Constitution of India is not an end but a means to an end, not mere democracy as a political project but a socio-juridical process which opens up through a humanist, radical social order, the opportunity to unfold the full personhood of every citizen.

Jul 14,  · Constitution of the Republic of India. It was adopted by the Constituent Assembly on November 26, , and came into effect on January 26, India celebrates January 26 each year as Republic Day. It is the longest written constitution of any independent nation in the world, containing Before , India was divided into two main entities - The British India which consisted of 11 provinces and the Princely states ruled by Indian princes under subsidiary alliance policy.

The two entities merged together to form the Indian Union, but many of the legacy systems in British India is. as it is generally said that the indian people believe on all the written proofs so the indian constitution explains each and every article and schedule deeply and with every nooks so the size of it get bigger and there can’t be only 20 or 30 articles as the u.s.a initiativeblog.com so the indian constitution is the largest written constitution in world.

Constitution of India: List of All Articles () and Parts () - Clear IAS