Patrick henry and the constitution

John's Episcopal Church in the town of Richmond on March 20,

Patrick henry and the constitution

Patrick henry and the constitution

Section 1 says that legislative power belongs to the Parliament. It is the most powerful part of government. Part II of Chapter 1 is about the Senate. Senators are to be "directly chosen by the people of the State", voting as a single electorate.

Each State is to have the same number of senators. Currently, there are 12 senators for each State, and 2 each for the mainland territories, the Northern Territory and the Australian Capital Territory.

Section 24 says the Patrick henry and the constitution must have twice as many members as the Senate, each elected by a single electorate. This is called the 'Nexus'. It designed to prevent swamping of the senate's power in the case of a joint sitting see Section 57 below.

The number of electorates in a State is to be based on its share of the national population. Part IV of Chapter 1 says who can vote, who can be elected to the parliament, how much members can be paid, parliamentary rules and related matters. Part V of Chapter 1 is about the powers of the parliament.

Section 51 deals with powers of the Commonwealth parliament and are called "specific powers". There are "concurrent powers", as both the Commonwealth and States can make laws on these subjects. Federal law is more important if the laws are different Section Of the thirty-nine parts of section 51, a few have become very important in deciding how much power the Commonwealth government has in law.

Section 52 deals with powers that belong only to the Commonwealth parliament. States cannot make laws on these subjects. The Executive Government[ change change source ] Chapter II sets up the executive branch of government.

Executive power is to be exercised by the Governor-Generaladvised by the Federal Executive Council. The Governor-General is the commander in chief. He or she may appoint and dismiss the members of the Executive Council, ministers of state, and all officers of the executive government.

These powers, along with the powers to dissolve or refuse to dissolve parliament Section 5, Section 57are termed " reserve powers ". The use of these powers is by convention. Generally, the Governor-General acts only on the advice of the Prime Minister.

There has been only one instance of the Governor-General not taking the Prime Minister's advice. Reserve powers in all Westminster nations are only extremely rarely exercised outside of the understood conventions. However, in contrast with the constitutions of other Commonwealth Realms such as Canada which formally grant extensive reserve powers to the Monarch, even the formal powers of the Queen of Australia are extremely limited, and most powers can only be used by the Governor-General.

Section 68 says that the Command in chief of Australia's naval and military forces as being: The Queen of Australia is not in command of the military. The Parliament can also make new federal courts or give other courts federal powers.

Such courts are called " Chapter III Courts " are the only courts that can use federal judicial power. Sections 73 and outline the original and appellate jurisdiction of the High Court. Section 74 explains how an appeal can be made to the Queen in Council.

Section 79 allows Parliament to limit the number of judges able to exercise federal jurisdiction and section 80 guarantees trial by jury for indictable offences against the Commonwealth. Finance and Trade[ change change source ] Chapter IV deals with finance and trade in the federal system. Section 81 says that all Commonwealth revenue shall form the Consolidated Revenue Fund.

Parliament can make laws as to the how its money is spent Section Unlike most other powers of the parliament, laws made under this power cannot usually be challenged. Section 90 gives the Commonwealth exclusive power over duties of custom and excise.

Section 92 provides that "trade, commerce, and intercourse among the States shall be absolutely free".Patrick Henry: Forgotten Founder from University of Virginia, UVA Lifetime Learning, Patrick Henry Memorial Foundation.

“Give me liberty, or give me death:” Remembering Patrick Henry, the Forgotten Founder Patrick Henry was enormously popular. Patrick Henry opposed the U.S.

Constitution because he believed that it gave too much power to the central government at the expense of the state governments. This Anti-Federalist position caused him to avoid the Constitutional Convention of , though he did argue against the adopting the.

Patrick Henry: Patrick Henry, brilliant orator and a major figure of the American Revolution, perhaps best known for his words “Give me liberty or give me death!” which he delivered in He was independent Virginia’s first governor (serving –79, –86). Patrick Henry was the son of John Henry. Patrick Henry is known for being a steadfast patriot opposed to a strong centralized government.

In , Henry was elected to the Virginia House of Burgesses. By the s, Henry had emerged as one of the most radical leaders of the opposition to British tyranny. Liberty Library of Constitutional Classics. The following is a list of the classic books and other works on constitutional government, which we either include in our collection, or plan to add.

Patrick Henry was a brilliant orator and a major figure of the American Revolution, perhaps best known for his words "Give me liberty or give me death!" Born on May 29 (May 18, Old Style), in.

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