Religion and the human future an essay in theological humanism

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Religion and the human future an essay in theological humanism

Terminology[ edit ] The meaning of the phrase secular humanism has evolved over time. The phrase has been used since at least the s by Anglican priests, [5] and inthe then Archbishop of CanterburyWilliam Templewas reported as warning that the "Christian tradition However, many adherents of the approach reject the use of the word secular as obfuscating and confusing, and consider that the term secular humanism has been "demonized by the religious right All too often secular humanism is reduced to a sterile outlook consisting of little more than secularism slightly broadened by academic ethics.

This kind of 'hyphenated humanism' easily becomes more about the adjective than its referent". The endorsement by the IHEU of the capitalization of the word Humanism, and the dropping of any adjective such as secular, is quite recent. This declaration makes exclusive use of capitalized Humanist and Humanism, which is consistent with IHEU's general practice and recommendations for promoting a unified Humanist identity.

History[ edit ] Historical use of the term humanism reflected in some current academic usageis related to the writings of pre-Socratic philosophers. These writings were lost to European societies until Renaissance scholars rediscovered them through Muslim sources and translated them from Arabic into European languages.

Secularism[ edit ] George Holyoake coined the term "secularism" and led the secular movement in Britain from the midth century. In George Holyoake coined the term "secularism" [11] to describe "a form of opinion which concerns itself only with questions, the issues of which can be tested by the experience of this life".

The first secular society, the Leicester Secular Societydates from Similar regional societies came together to form the National Secular Society in Positivism and the Church of Humanity[ edit ] Holyoake's secularism was strongly influenced by Auguste Comtethe founder of positivism and of modern sociology.

Comte believed human history would progress in a " law of three stages " from a theological phase, to the " metaphysical ", toward a fully rational "positivist" society. In later life, Comte had attempted to introduce a " religion of humanity " in light of growing anti-religious sentiment and social malaise in revolutionary France.

This religion would necessarily fulfil the functionalcohesive role that supernatural religion once served.

Religion and the human future an essay in theological humanism

Although Comte's religious movement was unsuccessful in France, the positivist philosophy of science itself played a major role in the proliferation of secular organizations in the 19th century in England. Richard Congreve visited Paris shortly after the French Revolution of where he met Auguste Comte and was heavily influenced by his positivist system.

Inthe Society established the Church of Humanity under Congreve's direction. There they introduced sacraments of the Religion of Humanity and published a co-operative translation of Comte's Positive Polity.

When Congreve repudiated their Paris co-religionists inBeesly, Harrison, Bridges, and others formed their own positivist society, with Beesly as president, and opened a rival centre, Newton Hall, in a courtyard off Fleet Street.

The American version of the "Church of Humanity". Like the English version it wasn't atheistic and had sermons and sacramental rites.

The South Place Ethical Society was founded in as the South Place Chapel on Finsbury Squareon the edge of the City of London[16] and in the early nineteenth century was known as "a radical gathering-place".

Today Conway Hall explicitly identifies itself as a humanist organisation, albeit one primarily focused on concerts, events, and the maintenance of its humanist library and archives.

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The belief that morality is independent of theology; The affirmation that new moral problems have arisen in modern industrial society which have not been adequately dealt with by the world's religions; The duty to engage in philanthropy in the advancement of morality; The belief that self-reform should go in lock step with social reform; The establishment of republican rather than monarchical governance of Ethical societies The agreement that educating the young is the most important aim.

In effect, the movement responded to the religious crisis of the time by replacing theology with unadulterated morality. It aimed to "disentangle moral ideas from religious doctrinesmetaphysical systems, and ethical theories, and to make them an independent force in personal life and social relations.

He therefore attempted to provide a universal fellowship devoid of ritual and ceremony, for those who would otherwise be divided by creeds. For the same reasons the movement at that time adopted a neutral position on religious beliefs, advocating neither atheism nor theismagnosticism nor deism.

By the four London societies formed the Union of Ethical Societies, and between and there were over fifty societies in Great Britain, seventeen of which were affiliated with the Union.Secular humanism, or simply humanism, is a philosophy or life stance that embraces human reason, ethics, and philosophical naturalism while specifically rejecting religious dogma, supernaturalism, pseudoscience, and superstition as the basis of morality and decision making..

Secular humanism posits that human beings are capable of being ethical and moral without religion or a god. At first, the claim that atheism is a religion might sound ridiculous. It certainly can be a surprising claim. And it’s one that many people, including western atheists, might initially dismiss out of hand.

But there’s more to the story here. There is a case to be made that, in a very re. Extra resources for Religion and the Human Future: An Essay on Theological Humanism (Blackwell Manifestos) Example text Singer uses a utilitarian calculation to determine what policies and courses of action best advance preferences and reduce suffering.

Quotes About Religion or Atheism

Religion and the Human Future: An Essay in Theological Humanism (, with David E. Klemm) Dust that Breathes: Christian Faith and the New Humanisms ().

Blackwell Companion to Religious Ethic () [Editor]. "Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; " — from the First Amendment to the U.S. Constitution " no religious Test shall ever be required as a Qualification to any Office or public Trust under the United States.".

Paul Kingsnorth is a writer and poet living in Cumbria, England. He is the author of several books, including the poetry collection Kidland and his fictional debut The Wake, winner of the Gordon Burn Prize and the Bookseller Book of the Year Award.

Kingsnorth is the cofounder and director of the Dark Mountain Project, a network of writers, artists, and thinkers.

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