The effectsof eating disorders on teens

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The effectsof eating disorders on teens

Each year, thousands of teens develop eating disorders, or problems with weight, eating, or body image. Eating disorders are more than just going on a diet to lose weight or trying to exercise every day. They represent extremes in eating behavior and ways of thinking about eating — the diet that never ends and gradually gets more restrictive, for example.

Or the person who can't go out with friends because he or she thinks it's more important to go running to work off a snack eaten earlier.

The most common eating disorders are anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa usually called simply "anorexia" and "bulimia". Anorexia People with anorexia have a real fear of weight gain and a distorted view of their body size and shape. As a result, they eat very little and can become dangerously underweight.

Many teens with anorexia restrict The effectsof eating disorders on teens food intake by dieting, fasting, or excessive exercise. They hardly eat at all — and the small amount of food they do eat becomes an obsession in terms of calorie counting or trying to eat as little as possible.

Others with anorexia may start binge eating and purging — eating a lot of food and then trying to get rid of the calories by making themselves throw up, using some type of medication or laxatives, or exercising excessively, or some combination of these. Bulimia Bulimia is similar to anorexia. With bulimia, people might binge eat eat to excess and then try to compensate in extreme ways, such as making themselves throw up or exercising all the timeto prevent weight gain.

Over time, these steps can be dangerous — both physically and emotionally. They can also lead to compulsive behaviors ones that are hard to stop.

Eating Disorders

To have bulimia, a person must be binging and purging regularly, at least once a week for a couple of months. Binge eating is different from going to a party and "pigging out" on pizza, then deciding to go to the gym the next day and eat more healthfully People with bulimia eat a large amount of food often junk food at once, usually in secret.

Sometimes they eat food that is not cooked or might be still frozen, or retrieve food from the trash. They typically feel powerless to stop the eating and can only stop once they're too full to eat any more, or they may have to go to extreme measures like pouring salt all over a dessert to make it inedible in order to get themselves to stop eating.

Most people with bulimia then purge by vomiting, but also may use laxatives or excessive exercise. Although anorexia and bulimia are very similar, people with anorexia are usually very thin and underweight, but those with bulimia may be an average weight or can be overweight.

Binge Eating Disorder This eating disorder is similar to anorexia and bulimia because a person binges regularly on food at least once a week, but typically more often. But, unlike the other eating disorders, a person with binge eating disorder does not try to "compensate" by purging the food.

Anorexia, bulimia, and binge eating disorder all involve unhealthy eating patterns that begin gradually and build to the point where a person feels unable to control them.

The effectsof eating disorders on teens

People with ARFID don't have anorexia or bulimia, but they still struggle with eating and as a result don't eat enough to keep a healthy body weight.

People with ARFID also might have issues in their day-to-day lives, at school, or with their friends because of their eating problems. For example, they might avoid going out to eat or eating lunch at school, or it might take so long to eat that they're late for school or don't have time to do their homework.

Signs of Anorexia and Bulimia Sometimes a person with anorexia or bulimia starts out just trying to lose some weight or hoping to get in shape. But the urge to eat less or to purge or over-exercise gets "addictive" and becomes too hard to stop.

Teens with anorexia or bulimia often feel intense fear of being fat or think that they're fat when they are not.

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Those with anorexia may weigh food before eating it or compulsively count the calories of everything. How do you know for sure that someone is struggling with anorexia or bulimia?

You can't tell just by looking — a person who loses a lot of weight might have another health condition or could be losing weight through healthy eating and exercise. But there are some signs to watch for that might indicate a person has anorexia or bulimia.

Someone with anorexia might: No one is really sure what causes eating disorders, although there are many theories about it.Dangers of Eating Disorders Medical complications are a frequent result of eating disorders.

Individuals with eating disorders who use drugs to stimulate vomiting, bowel movements, or urination may be in considerable danger, as this practice increases the risk of heart failure. Remember that eating disorders are very common among teens.

Treatment options depend on each person and their families, but many treatments incorporate journaling, talking to therapists, and working with dietitians and other professionals.

Teen eating disorders: Tips to protect your teen

Eating disorders, including anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and binge eating disorder, are psychological disorders that involve extreme disturbances in eating behavior.

A teen with anorexia. Eating disorders can take a devastating toll on teens — especially girls. To help protect your child, understand the possible causes of teen eating disorders and know how to talk to your son or daughter about healthy-eating habits.

In the United States, as many as 10 in young women suffer from an eating disorder. Disordered eating related to stress, poor nutritional habits, and food fads are relatively common problems for youth.

The Psychological and Social Effects of Eating Disorders on Teenage Girls. Introduction Eating disorders is a term consisting of psychological illnesses commonly defined by the abnormal eating traits which may involve excessive or insufficient food taking which may be of harm to an individual’s mental and physical health.

Adolescent Eating Disorders – The Healthy Teen Project